Definitions of Rhythm, Metre and Rhythm Type

- Mar 06, 2019 -

1.Rhythm is the organization of music in time.

The concept of rhythm in music is very broad. From the most macro perspective, it can be said that it is the "proceeding" of music. This concept includes all kinds of motion patterns in music, including priority, looseness and compactness. To be more specific, rhythm includes the concepts of beat and speed. The former refers to the regular alternating movement of strength and weakness of music, namely the combination of beat points. The latter refers to the rate of such rhythm.


A beat is a pattern of repeated accents at intervals required by the beat number, or a sequence of repeated cycles of strong and weak notes. Each beat consists of a fixed unit of time, called time.The duration of the meter may be a quarter note, a half note, or an eighth note.

The beat is usually marked by a fraction, the numerator representing the number of beats per measure and the denominator representing the time value of the notes per measure, such as 2/4, which means "there are two beats per measure, a beat is a quarter note", or simply "there are two quarter notes per measure".

Here are some common beats: even Numbers, 2/2 (two half notes per measure), 2/4, 4/4, 4/8 (four quavers per measure), etc. These even Numbers are symmetrical and have a marching quality; Odd Numbers, 3/2 (three half notes per bar), 3/4, 3/8, 6/4, 6/8, 9/8, etc.; They are often associated with dance music because of their rotatory sound.

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The rhythm with certain characteristics that appears repeatedly in songs is called "rhythm type".Rhythm type plays an important role in performance. The use of certain rhythm patterns in songs makes people easy to feel and remember, and also contributes to the unity of song structure and the establishment of music image. Some songs, such as heavy metal, punk, blues, etc., can be clearly defined by rhythm alone.

Edit by Hodor Wong

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